Whether you find them lucky or a disrupter of your sleep, people tend to have strong views about crickets. There are about 100 species of crickets in the United States, but some are more likely than others to sneak inside your home. We’ve made a list of the most common types of crickets that you could find in your house.
Crickets are most known for their habit of keeping you up at night. Despite their bad reputation, only male crickets chirp and not all species can. Crickets vary in size and color by species, but they all share a few characteristics. Crickets have long antennae and large back legs that allow them to jump. Their life cycle consists of three stages—egg, nymph, adult. Crickets will eat a variety of things including insects, plants, vegetables, and fabric. They prefer to spend their time outside, but will head inside if weather conditions aren’t suitable to their needs. Crickets are nocturnal and become silent when they feel threatened, so it can be difficult to spot them.
Their name says it all, house crickets like to hide in homes. These crickets are about ¾ʺ in length and have a light brown body with black legs. House crickets have wings and are able to fly. They have three dark bands on their head. House cricket nymphs are similar in appearance, but smaller and wingless. These crickets like areas that are warm and moist. When temperatures cool, house crickets look for shelter. You can usually find them near heaters, fireplaces, and in kitchens. Outside they often hide in woodpiles and mulch. They can be found throughout the United States but are more prevalent in areas east of the Rocky Mountains.
Field crickets are slightly larger than house crickets ranging in size from ½ʺ-1ʺ. They have a black or brown body. These crickets have wings, but not all of them can fly. Nymphs are smaller than adult field crickets and don’t have wings. When temperatures become too hot or too cold, they seek relief inside of buildings and homes. They are often found in parts of homes where moisture builds including basements and bathrooms. They prefer to hide in flowerbeds and overgrown grass when they are outside. Field crickets can be spotted throughout the United States.
The camel cricket gets its name from the arched hump on its back. Camel crickets have a brown body with lighter spots. They grow between ½ʺ-1". Both adults and nymphs are wingless. These crickets are referred to as cave crickets because they often live in caves because they are dark and damp. They are also found under leaves and rotten logs. Camel crickets enter homes if weather conditions are too hot and dry or after heavy rainfall. They hide in crawlspaces, bathrooms, and basements. Unlike other crickets, camel crickets don’t have sound producing organs so they can’t chirp. They are common throughout the United States.
Jerusalem crickets are the largest on the list ranging in size from 1ʺ-2 ½ʺ. They are yellowish-brown and have black rings on their abdomen. They are known for their large heads. Like camel crickets, Jerusalem crickets are wingless. Jerusalem crickets are often found in gardens, especially those containing fruit or vegetables. If the weather becomes too hot and dry, they will move inside. Though they can bite, they would rather flee than fight. Jerusalem crickets don’t chirp. Instead, they produce a hissing sound. They are usually found in western parts of the United States.
Prevention & Treatment
There are things you can do to keep uninvited pests out of your home. Crickets need moisture, so reducing excess water is important. A dehumidifier can be used to limit moisture build-up and leaky pipes should be repaired. Crickets are attracted to bright lights, so switch to a yellow light bulb for exterior lights. Eliminate entry points by sealing any cracks and gaps. If crickets have made their way inside, there are things you can do to eliminate an infestation. Vacuuming can help remove eggs and adult crickets from your home. Treating the exterior of your home with a botanical pesticide, like Maggie’s Farm Simply Effective Yard Bug Spray, can prevent pests from entering. You can also spray the crickets in your home with Maggie’s Farm Simply Effective Home Bug Spray. Not only will it kill on contact, it will deter other crickets from coming inside.
Chirping crickets are sure to frustrate you, especially when you can’t seem to find where they’re hiding. Taking a few precautionary measures can help you avoid a cricket infestation. If you’re dealing with a pest problem, we have your back! Check out our Maggie’s Farm Simply Effective Pest Control products.